Foundations may crack for different reasons including settling, poor drainage, and unstable soils. Often, foundation cracks show serious structural problems and sometimes it may be insignificant. In the US, about 60 percent of homes are built on souls with clay content. More than half of these homes will experience damage. Souls with heavy clay contents may cause the seasonal movement of the foundation which is one reason a foundation may fail or crack. Sometimes your home may require a foundation repair.
When Should you Worry About Foundation Cracks?
The seriousness of a foundation crack depends largely on the number, size, and location of the cracks as well as whether there are other structural issues signs in your home. Many homes have foundation cracks and the chances of cracks appearing in the foundation increases as a home gets older. Foundation cracks can lead to roof issues, framing issues, problems with windows, and doors, and even basement walls leakage.
Reasons for Foundations Failing or Cracking
The following may cause a foundation to crack or fail.
Poor Soil Compaction
If the soul of your home was not compacted properly before digging the footings, there may be a crack or drop down in the foundation. This means the soil does not support the weight of the house and foundations.
When there is a plumbing leak, either from sewer lines or water lines and the moisture migrates under or around the foundation, foundation crack may occur. The damage may even be greater if the leak has been going on for a long period.
One of the common cause of foundation cracks and damage is poor drainage near the foundation of a home.
This is especially true for those souls with a high clay content. The lifting or heaving pressures of the souls can cause foundation cracks.
Foundation settling may also cause foundation cracks especially in the event of differential settlement.
Tree roots can cause foundation cracks; however, this is not as a result of the roots pushing but rather from the roots drawing moisture out of the soil under your foundation because of transpiration.
Warnings of a Foundation Problem
There are many signs that a homeowner or buyer should know that could show there is a problem with the foundation. By simply walking around the home and looking at both the exterior and interior, you may want to seek more information about the foundation. Here are some things you should look at.
- Wary or sagging roof
- Gaps at windows and doors, distorted or racked
- Cracks in brick sliding
- Cracks at the window and door corners
- Self opening or closing doors
- Stucco cracks
- Sticking or rubbing windows and doors
- Loose or cracked floor tile
- Un-level or sloped floors
- Cracks in the garage floor or concrete slab
- Chimney leaning away from the house
- Leaning or bowing foundation walls
Many foundations have cracks and they are generally not serious but merely looking at the foundation crack will not tell you whether your home has serious structural issues. So it is smart to consult a Houston foundation repair expert to come have a look at your home to determine the level of damage and propose the best way out.See more: https://structuredfoundationrepairshouston.com/about-us/.